The New Deal- Alphabet Soup Relief Programs

Do Now:
pg. 702 - What was the Hundred Days?
The first hundred days of Franklin Roosevelt's term as president.
The resolution of the banking crisis was just beginning of a critical period of government activity.

Relief--- to help,those suffering the effects of the Great Depression
Ex. government give food, money, places to live
Recovery--- fix the economy
Ex.government help bussines give people a job
Reform--- to change and prevent another crisis
Ex. change banking,change the rule of stocks market

CCC - Civilian Conservation Corps
when:during hundred days
why:to help people have the places to live and food to eat
also the way to work for money
what it create for people:paid to work on avariety of
conservation projects,for example:planting tress.people
live in army-style camp and required to send their earing
PictureCivilian Conservation Corps
AAA - Agricultural Adjustment Act
why:supply of crop on the market would increase
demand for those crops,at the same time can drive
the prices up and help farmer earn money
what:gave farmers a government payment to
grow some crops

Picture:Agricultural Adjustment Act
FDIC - Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
when:created by the Glass–Steagall Act of 1933
why:guarantees the safety of deposits in member banks
what:currently up to $250,000 per depositor per bank
PWA - Public Works Administration
why:providing employment
what:government give permission for the PWA to spend
$3.3 billion for public-works programs
picture:Public Works Administration
FHA - Federal Housing Administration
when:created as part of the National Housing Act of 1934
why: It insured loans made by banks and other private lenders for home building and home buying
what:to improve housing standards and conditions
SEC - Securities and Exchange Commission
why:fear of crash of stocks market again
what:serve as a government watchdog over the national's
stock markets
WPA - Works Progress Administration
why:give unemployed people job
what:employed some 3.4 million formerly jobless
picture:Works Progress Administration
NIRA - National Industrial Recovery Act
why:to help business
what:the businesses in the same industry to help
each other to set the prices and level of production
picture:National Industrial Recovery Act
FLSA - Fair Labor Standards Act
SSA - Social Security Act
why:they want to help people in Americans deal with medicine and public health
what:established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children.


After the crash of stocks market people were no mnoey,no job and homeless.Because of that government create the relief,recovery and reform program to help people. The WPA,CCC,PWA,and SSA programs help people get job and give the money to the old people can't work,also canslove the problem that people dont' have money.And FDIC program help people not lost all theirmoney again if the bank fail.The FHA programs help those people who were homeless,and AAAprogram help the farmer to earn money after the Great Depression.Also,the FLSA and NIRA programfocus on the working condiction of worker.The most important was the SEC program makes the rule of stocks market help it not crash again.

3/21/11 Do Now:

Read page 704-705,them answer the question.
1.Who were the 3 leading critics of the New Deal?
-Huey.P.Long,the Senator of Louisiana
-Father Charles Coughlin,a Catholic priest
-Dr.Francis Townsend,American League League spoke
2.What were their reason for criticizing the New Deal?
-Huey.P.Long~feel too friendly to banks and business
-Father Charles Coughlin~business take too much power
-Dr.Francis Townsend~not doing enough for older american
3.What side of the political spectrum are they on?Why?

Test Reviewing

Key Term:
-Gross National Product
-buying on margin
-Reconstruction Finance Commission
-Black Tuesday
-smooth Hawley Tariff Act
-Dust Bowl
Page 694~695,#1,3,5-9,12,13,15,#16-18
Page 730~731,#13-16

1.The term for the decisisive drop in the stocks market at the end of October 1929
-Black Tuesday
3.The nickname given to a settement of homeless people during the Great Depression
5.A person who rode the railroad from town to town in search of work
6.The nickname given to refugees from the dust storms of the early 1930s
-Smoot Hawley Tariff Act
7.Law originally meant to protect American businesses but that ended up harming the United States and world economies
-Reconstruction Finance Commission
8.The nickname for the central Plains region struck by a terrible drought and dust storms in the 1930s
-Dust Bowl
9.The widespread practice during the 1920s that increased the danger to investors from a drop in the stock market
-buying on margin
12.A prolonged period of below-normal rainfall
13.What can happen to a home or farm when the owner fails to pay off loans taken to buy the property
15.The total value of goods and services produced in a nation during a specific period of time
-Gross National Product
16a.What was the general experience of investors in stocks in the United States in the mid-1920s?
-many investors in the stocks market practiced "buying on margon"
b.How did the success of the American stock market also increase the dangers of investing the stocks?
-more people investors in stocks and put all the loan into it,because of that when the stocks market fail people lose all their money
c.How did the collapse of the stock market come to hurt so many people who did not have money invested in stocks?
-because the crash of stocks market people fear to lose their money and start to take their money out from the bank it cause the bank fail,people who did not have money invested in stocks also lose the money they put in the bank
17a.How did the Great Depression affect ordinary Americans?
-people were lose their job and home,also do not have food to eat,and the bank fail people lose their money
b.How did victims of the Great Depression cope with the effects of homelessness and joblessness?
-the program pass by government to help the victims of the Great Depression,such as AAA-Agricultural Adjustment Act,it gave farmers a government payment to grow some crops
c.Why do you think so many people blamed themselves for their misfortune during the Great Depression, in spite of the fact that millions of Americans were in a similar situation?
-because people who lose the money because the crash of stocks market they only think about the misfortune,but it themself put all their loan and money to buy the stock hope to makes more money,it also the reason why the life of people who do not investing the stocks was better than those who investing it
18a.What was President Hoover’s basic belief about the proper relationship of citizens to their government?
-president Hoover believe the government should protect the citizen and their institution public and private
b.Why did the Great Depression greatly test Hoover and his fundamental philosophy about how to govern?
c.Do you think it was reasonable to expect Hoover to change his philosophy and tactics in response to the crisis the nation faced in the Great Depression? Explain.
13a.Who did the Democratic Party choose as its candidate in 1932?
-the New York governor Franklin D. Roosevelt
b.What did the American people seem to like most about Roosevelt’s programs? What did they find fault with?
-Roosevelt's program help american a lot and it helpful,but some feel it too friendly to business,and didn't do much to older american
c.What can you conclude from the fact that Roosevelt and the New Deal were criticized both for doing too much and for doing too little?
-they both try to have the best and give what people need,Roosevelt's program work successful but there's some fault,and the critcizd list out the fault of Roosevelt
14a.What was the Second New Deal?
-a new set of programs in the spring of 1935 including additional banking reforms, new tax laws, new relief programs
b.What factors undermined support for Roosevelt and his programs?
c.Explain this statement: In some ways, President Roosevelt’s success contributed to his failure in the late 1930s.
15a.How did the Roosevelt administration treat women and African Americans?
-In one respect, women achieved notable success: in unprecedented numbers, they began to fill important positions in the federal government
b.Why do you think Eleanor Roosevelt was able to take a firmer stand for the rights of women and African Americans than her husband did?
c.How do you think Franklin Roosevelt should be evaluated historically in terms of his treatment of women and minorities?
16a.What effects did New Deal programs have on the major problems of the Great Depression, such as unemployment?
-it give the places to those homeless people and help business give the job to people who don't have job,because of that people can make and function their life
b.On what grounds can the New Deal be considered a success? a failure?
-the llife of american after Great Depression
c.In your opinion, was the New Deal a success or a failure? Explain.
-success,givernment help a lot about it,and even their's some fault